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List of key activities carried out by the Department in bullet points.

  • Gujarat Agro vision 2010 envisages improving the quality of life of the rural population, including those who are resource poor, by widening their employment opportunities and increasing their income. In the past, the efforts were made to increase the food production or were production oriented. Unlike that, now the new trend will be towards value addition and demand based agriculture through agro processing and agro marketing in the context of liberalization and globalization.
  • In the recent decades, there has been a structural transformation in the economy of Gujarat. The share of primary sector in the State Domestic Product was 48% in 1971, which was dropped to 27% in 1991. It was decreased from 46 to 33 in the entire India. During the same period, the percentage of workload in the primary sector came to 56 from 65 in Gujarat and in the whole nation it fell down to 67 from 73. In this way, the transformation process was faster in Gujarat compared to India altogether. Undoubtedly, the size of agriculture field has been increased in Gujarat compared to the nation, but though most of the manpower depends on agriculture, its share in the State Domestic Product is relatively decreased.
  • Gujarat has achieved rapid growth especially in manufacturing and service sectors, but even though agriculture sector has an important role, because it is the main source of income for majority of the population. In addition, 63% of the population of Gujarat lives in rural areas and relies on agriculture and agro related rural non-farming sector for their livelihood. In the coming years, agriculture will continue to play a crucial role in the economy of Gujarat and while there is limited employment potential in manufacturing and service sector, most of the population will have to depend on agriculture for employment and income. Development in trade, commerce and services in the rural area will also depend on the basis of demand arising from agricultural growth.
  • There is significant population living under the poverty line in Gujarat. Agricultural growth is required to reduce poverty in the rural areas. It is known from the many studies that agricultural growth is positively connected with the decrease in poverty. It is necessary to give priority to agriculture and agro related activities for substantial reduction in poverty.
  • In the coming years, there will be a great impact of path-breaking development in the field of technology and biotechnology, on economic growth. Because of these emerging changes, most of the people who are in position of getting tremendous benefits will be deprived of the immense possibilities of earning wealth and of growth from the existing resources. This development process will set aside rural Gujarat, like it happened during Green Revolution, when it was seen only in some regions and in few crops only.
  • It is necessary to formulate a strategy to enable farmers to compete in the international market and to meet with the sharp price fluctuations because of the elimination of quantitative restrictions on imports on the basis of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement on agriculture. This will result into diversification in agriculture, improvement in quality and value addition, so that benefit of the available opportunities can be taken.
  • In the above context, Gujarat Agro-Vision 2010 addresses the challenges of the agriculture sector in the new millennium. For many years, Five-Year Plans and Annual Plans are implemented. Issues of policies, strategies and implementation are periodically considered. However, it is required to have a clear vision of future or clear idea of tomorrow’s agriculture. Gujarat Agro-Vision 2010 is aimed at new approaches and conceptualizes a long term view, which is of looking at the future, anticipating emerging trends, identifying potential areas, preparing background for a decade.
  • The role of agriculture in economic development has always been recognized. Even though, it is necessary to focus on agriculture in the same way as the way focus was given to the industrial sector in the decades of 1970 and 1980. In other words, the entire developmental efforts should be centered around agriculture and agro related activities.
  • The dream of Gujarat to be competitive in agriculture is based on more prosperity of farmers, sustainable increase in productivity and on the probability of high value addition. The vision is conceived to accelerate demand oriented farming and agro industrial growth in the new global agricultural environment. The goal of Gujarat agriculture is to become world class producer and supplier of crops, as there is competitive convenience in it.
  • Growth especially in the agriculture sector reduces poverty. But it does not always trickle down to the poor. Organized markets help allocate resources properly. But sometimes markets fail in this. As a result, there is a notion in the Gujarat Agro-Vision 2010 to make special provisions for resource lacking farmers and agricultural laborers, particularly in tribal areas. Some activities such as Horticulture and Animal Husbandry serve both the purposes of growth and equality. Such activities are suitable for small farmers and it also creates opportunities for higher income.
  • In this document, modern agricultural infrastructure, marketing support and research efforts are considered. However, agriculture alone can not be developed. Agricultural Development largely depends on social infrastructure like roads, ports, electricity and education. Economic infrastructure, sanitation and water supply as well as reforms in the education and health of the farmer make significant increase in production, productivity and quality of life. Vision documents related to the agro infrastructure have been prepared which will be supportive or will become supplementary.
  • In short, in Gujarat Agro-Vision 2010, sustainable development has been envisaged which can improve their quality of life by creating extensive employment opportunities and by increasing income of the rural population. There is a conception of increase the pace of demand based agriculture and agro industrial growth in the new globalized agricultural environment through sustainable increase in the productivity of agricultural products and through a higher quality. Due to this, the rise will intensify step by step.
  • The aim of the Gujarat Agro-Vision is technology, environment, and economically and socially sustainable growth.
    • For technologically sustainable growth, use of agro centered research, bio-technology, information technology and eco-technology will be required.
    • The meaning of environmentally sustainable growth is conservation of Soil, water and biodiversity.
    • For sustainable economic growth, it will be required to focus on the crops and varieties other than those for which there is more suitability than others in Gujarat and to develop varieties that can compete in the international market and to improve the quality.
    • Growth should be combined with the equality and it should be done in a way that it ensures extended rights and empowerment of resource poor, women and weaker sections as well as people of under-developed regions.
  • The aim is to achieve 6.8% annual growth rate in agriculture (including animal husbandry) in one decade, which was higher than the one in the past in any decade and even significantly higher than the growth rate achieved by South East and East Asian countries during the respective phases of their economic development.
  • For the next 10 years, agricultural value addition will grow at an actual annual rate of 6.8%, so that the overall value addition would be 1066.8 by 2010.
  • Gujarat will be always considered by investors / processors for agro-processing and its agriculture will be widely recognized for the successful transformation into vibrant and competitive agricultural trade. The Government envisages that the private sector will have to play a role.
  • Exports of agricultural products will be encouraged in the form of value added products.
  • In the context of the agricultural population, per capita income of the farmers of Gujarat will be almost double (annually Rs. 13534) than the current per capita income (Rs. 7155).
  • The farmer of Gujarat will be a well informed worker who would be taking advantage the modern technology and the best global agronomic practices. Farmers will take a conscious decision about the crops that they wish to cultivate. Farmers will be encouraged to evaluate the commercial income between different crop options. They will be provided adequate information to take the decisions through information kiosk network. Maximum use of IT resources will be made for agricultural development in Gujarat.
  • There will be a full fledged production center available for agricultural products in the State, in which GMO and Non-GMO seeds, chemical and bio-fertilizers, and pesticides will be available. The products will be fairly used by fair and transparent prices. The agricultural community will be informed about the balanced use of biomass, organic and inorganic agro-chemicals by compact nutrients and pest management programs.
  • All possible efforts will be made to directly incorporate water users through NGOs and Government Departments and to inform, educate and train for generation, storage and accumulation of water resources, and about the minimum consumption of water.
  • The credibility of the entire sector will be significantly increased due to half consolidation of the land department and integration of agricultural produce obtained because of the amalgamation of agriculture service centers and value added centers. As a result, an integrated agronomic package will arise, in which there will be advanced technology, farmer responsive extension services and Good successive rural credit systems.
  • The Government expansion system will be full of higher skills and motivation. By keeping up with Gujarat Agricultural University and Agricultural produce companies, some standard suggestions will be received, in which there will be recommendations of taking advantage of the use of both natural and chemical products and natural measures for crop protection. Attention will be given particularly on increasing crop intensity through multiple crops and inter-cropping. Agricultural assistants will be appointed through expansion employment agencies.
  • Gujarat will be the center of functional global agricultural trade flows emerging from North, Central and Western India. There will be modern agricultural infrastructure in Gujarat, which includes infrastructure corridors involving agricultural port, necessary cold storage and certification facilities. The products will reach market / transit centers from the fields with minimum damage or loss during transportation.
  • Agriculture markets of Gujarat will be known for their transparency and impartiality. Auction centers will keep a balance between interests of farmers and traders / processors and will ensure complete fairness. Infrastructure will be reinforced at major agricultural producer market committees. The legal framework will encourage the matter of sticking to agreements between processors and farmers.
  • The State’s research system will be recognized for its high capacity talent pool. Commercial agricultural research will be conducted with the close collaboration of industry and farmers. Research and development efforts in the state will consciously focus on the use of Biotechnology, organic fertilizers, organic manure, etc. and will act as a tool of positive efforts not only to increase export capacity of production but for environmental management also.
  • The focus will be on human resource training which is applied in the context of the agricultural environment. The Gujarat Agricultural University will have a major role in this endeavor.
  • The best results will be obtained in horticulture by improved disease-free materials, continuous adoption of best agronomic practices and improved post-harvest management practices.
  • The state will depend on opening large developed markets under the guidelines of distribution and sales organization. The State will get the help in setting up the global market for horticultural products with investment in infrastructure and initiatives of the farmers. The distribution and sales organization will register sapota and Kesar mangoes, and then global marketing efforts will be made.
  • Kesar brand mangoes of Gujarat will gain global recognition for its wonderful taste and distinctive quality. Indian and global demand of various processed mango products will be met throughout the year through vibrant mango processing industry.
  • High income yielding breeds working in the co-operative environment will become characteristic of dairy fields in the State. Dairy co-operatives are engaged under the common platform for producing and marketing dairy products all over India. Their products are preferred because of better quality and liking of taste and choice by local customers. Dairy products will be exported to other major markets.
  • Gujarat will provide potatoes to other parts of the country and to some global markets suitable for processing. Permanent supply of potatoes will become possible due to the tie-up with suitable climate controlled storage.
  • Co-operative industry of cotton cultivation will supply raw cotton lint and cotton yarns to the global markets. The state will be front runner in developing best practices for cotton agronomy. A leading global place for qualitative hand-picked cotton from Gujarat will be developed.
  • Gujarat will retain its leading position in cotton and castor production. Advanced research in the source product of castor will be conducted in Gujarat and will be recognized as the global patent of excellence. Affiliated castor source product manufacturing units will work in close collaboration with research laboratories for the production of high value added basic products of castor.
  • Gujarat will be a big place in major markets of natural cotton and natural bananas. For the reliability of product certification of Non-GMO products, government assisted certification laboratories will be appreciated.
  • To ensure the availability of high-quality agricultural products to consumers, large retail chains will connect the towns and cities of Gujarat.
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