Agriculture and Co-operation Department, Government of Gujarat. Agriculture and Co-operation Department, Government of Gujarat.
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Vision & Objectives
1.
Gujarat Agrovision 2010 envisages improving the quality of life of the rural population, including those who are resource poor, by widening their employment opportunities and increasing their income. Unlike in the past when efforts were directed to increase food production, which were primarily input driven, the new thrust will be on demand driven agriculture and on value addition through agro-processing and agribusiness in the Context of liberalization and globalization
2.
The economy of Gujarat has undergone structural transformation during the recent decades. The share of the primary sector in the State Domestic Product declined from 48% in 1971 to 27% in 1991. For India as a whole, the share declined from 46% to 33%. The percentage of workforce in the primary sector declined from 65% to 56% in Gujarat and from 73% to 67% at all-India level during the same period. Thus the transformation was relatively more rapid in Gujarat than for the country as a whole. No doubt, the absolute size of the agriculture sector has increased in Gujarat as in the country, but the fact remains that a majority of the workforce continues to depend on agriculture even though its relative share in the State Domestic Product has declined.
3.
Gujarat has taken rapid strides in economic growth, particularly in manufacturing and service sectors. Yet the role of the agriculture sector remains crucial because it is the main source of employment for a majority of the population. Furthermore, 63% of the population of Gujarat lives in rural areas and depends for its livelihood on agriculture and the rural non-farm sector that is interlinked with agriculture. Agriculture will continue to play a crucial role in the economy of Gujarat during the coming years; a large segment of the population will have to depend, given the limited employment potential in the manufacturing and service sectors, on the agriculture sector for employment and income. Even the development of trade, commerce and services in rural areas will depend on the demand base arising from agricultural growth.
4.
Gujarat has a sizeable population living below the poverty line. Agricultural growth is essential for reducing poverty in rural areas. Many studies show that agricultural growth is positively correlated with reduction in poverty. In order to achieve substantial reduction in poverty it is necessary to give priority to growth of agriculture and agriculture related activities.
5.
Economic growth in coming years will be greatly influenced by path-breaking developments in information technology and biotechnology. These emerging developments will result in creation of enormous wealth from existing resources. Gujarat agriculture is in a position to take advantage of developments in information technology and biotechnology, a vast majority of the population will be deprived of the opportunities that have tremendous potential for wealth creation and growth. The development process could bypass rural Gujarat, as was the case with the green revolution that occurred only in some regions and for a few crops.
6.
With the dismantling of quantitative restrictions on imports based on the WTO Agreement on agriculture it is necessary to formulate strategies with a view to enabling farmers to compete in the international market and to cope with situations of sharp price fluctuations. This will mean diversification of agriculture, improving quality and value addition so as to exploit the opportunities available
7.
In the above context, Gujarat Agrovision 2010 addresses challenges of the agriculture sector in the new millenium. Five-year plans and annual plans have been implemented since many years. Issues of policy, strategy, and implementation have been considered from time to time.Yet there is need to have a holistic view of the future, a clear vision of tomorrow's agriculture. Gujarat Agrovision 2010 aims at a new approach and provides a long-term view. The idea is to look at the future, anticipate the emerging trends, identify potential areas, and prepare a road map for a decade.
   
8.

The role of agriculture in economic development has always been recognized. What is, however, necessary at this juncture is to focus on agriculture and give it the same attention as was done in case of the industrial sector in Gujarat in the 1970s and 1980s. In other words, the entire development effort should center round agriculture and agriculture. related activities.

9.
The vision of Gujarat to be competitive in agriculture is based on the premise of greater wealth creation for farmers, a sustainable increase in productivity, and higher value I addition to agricultural produce. The vision seeks to accelerate demand driven agricultural and agro industrial growth in the new globalized agricultural environment. The goal for Gujarat agriculture is to become a world-class producer and supplier in the crops where it enjoys competitive advantage.
10.
Growth, particularly in the agriculture sector, reduces poverty. But it does not always trickle down to all the poor. Though perfect markets help allocate resources optimally, at, times markets fail. In backward areas, markets may not exist because of very high transactions cost. Consequently, Gujarat Agrovision 2010 seeks to make specific provisions for resource poor farmers and agricultural labourers, particularly in tribal areas. Some activities such as horticulture and animal husbandry serve both growth and equity objectives. Such activities are suitable for small farmers and also create higher income opportunities.
11.

This document envisages state-of-the-art agricultural infrastructure, marketing support am research efforts. However, agriculture cannot develop in isolation. Development 0 agriculture depends a great deal on economic infrastructure such as roads, ports, am electricity as well as social infrastructure such as education. health, sanitation and water supply. Education and health improvement of farmers can lead to substantial increase in production, productivity, and quality of life. The Agrovision does not address these aspects. The Gujarat government has already prepared Vision documents relating to industrial and social infrastructure, which will complement and supplement the present effort.

12.

In short, Gujarat Agrovision 2010 envisages sustainable development of agriculture that improves the quality of life of the rural population by widening their employment opportunities and increasing their income. It seeks to accelerate demand driven agricultural and agro industrial- growth in the new globalized agricultural environment through sustainable increase in productivity and higher value addition to agricultural produce. This will intensify the multiplier effect.

   
 
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